The May Gender newsletter, which leads you to focus on international violence, from the killing of girls in India, from the staying power abuse scandal in New York to the actual persecution of Rohingyas refugees, invites you to keep an eye on the humanitarian and gender issues that need attention internationally.
A photo of a Rohingyas refugee drifting offshore in 2015 revealed that international attention was being paid to the ethnic cleansing crisis brewing in Burma's border countries.
In the past, about 1.3 million Rohingyas people lived in Myanmar, but in identity, Rothena never got Burmese citizenship, and the Burmese Government considered Rohingyas as an illegal immigrant in the Bangladeshi region, as an alien and oppressed by the race. Up to October 2016, the "Arakan Rohingyas Salvation Army" (ARSA), organized by the Rohingyas, launched an armed operation that led to the intensification of the conflict with the Government of Myanmar, the arsa of August 25, 2017, the Government of Myanmar declared Arsa a "terrorist" and the massive ethnic Cleaning action.
Since 2015, the Rohingyas refugee issue has continued, and this gender newsletter takes you to a closer look at the persecution of the past Rohingyas people and the current climate dilemma.
Photo: Thomas munita/New York Times/ source
Photo: Adam Dien/New York Times/ source
Orphans of the world: The Rohingyas of the Sea Crusoe
Most of the refugees are ethnic minorities from Burma, Rohingyas of Islam. These are not identified, Rothena (Rohingya), forced to drift on the sea as a result of ethnic persecution, is an orphan of the world, unable to find a foothold internationally, has been persecuted by the Burmese government and Buddhists for a long time and has been on a journey away from home, only to continue to migrate to refugee countries in refugee status.
From the religious belief and the historical background, the main Islamic Rohingyas people, and the local 90% of the people of Burma's Buddhist society, the Burmese government even believe that the Rohingyas people from the British colonial era of Bangladeshi immigrants. With such a complex historical background, racial discrimination and marginalization have persisted in the Rothena and Myanmar world. (Recommended reading:"Vision re-message" Anne Hathaway defends the refugees: I apologize to you for the United States )
According to SUN , during the period from 1962 to 2015, the Rohingyas people had been systematically persecuted in the former British colonial military dictatorship. In the past, a handful of Rohingyas have organized the "Rohingyas Salvation Army" (Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army,arsa) to respond to the attacks and aggression of the Burmese army.
A spokesman for the Rohingyas Salvation Army said the aim was to secure a legal minority status for the Rohingyas people. The organization stressed that its goal was to uphold the principle of self-defence, to protect and save Rohingyas people from the government repression, the Rohingyas Salvation Army stressed that there is no contact with extremists, and refused to be labeled terrorist labels.
Until August 25, 2017, the "Rohingyas Salvation Army" (ARSA) attacked a police station in Rakhine, killing 12 people, which led to retaliation for the military action of the Burmese authorities, the conflict between the two sides more and more fierce. Nearly 164,000 Rohingyas (Rohingya) from Myanmar's Rakhine army fled to Bangladesh to evade retaliation by the Burmese authorities for their military actions, and the Burmese military and local Buddhists even set fire to the villages of the Rohingyas people and forced them to leave.
Amnesty International responded that Rothena was subjected to "targeted widespread and systematic murders, rapes and burnings", and that nearly 1 million Rohingyas refugees had fled to neighboring Bangladesh, and more than 1000 were believed to have been killed. The United Nations described their treatment as a "textbook on ethnic cleansing".
Over the past three years, more than 120,000 Rothena have left Burma by boat, but most have not been able to find a country to host them, according to the United Nations refugee Office, the UN High Commissioner for REFUGEES,UNHCR. continued to remain in refugee status.
Pictures | source
Daily Rohingyas of Refugees: child abuse, women raped
Since August 25, 2017, the Myanmar security forces have carried out mass rapes of women and girls as part of the ethnic cleansing campaign against Rohingyas Muslims in Rakhine, Myanmar.
The Burmese security forces have killed, raped, arbitrarily arrested and mass arson in hundreds of villages, mainly for Rohingyas, forcing more than 600,000 Rothena to flee to neighboring countries of Bangladesh. Rohingyas women, men and children who have exhausted their arrival in Bangladesh, are often subjected to rape, gunfire, or fire attacks.
According to the HUMAN right WATCH , Myanmar security forces carried out ethnic cleansing campaigns against Rohingyas Muslims in Rakhine, Myanmar, and carried out mass rapes of women and girls. The violence and further brutal humiliation perpetrated by the Burmese military in raping Rohingyas women and girls are documented. Many women describe eyewitnesses who have murdered their children, spouses and parents:
"I was detained by six men, five of whom raped me," said the woman. First, they (shot) My brother, threw me aside, a man ripped my skirt, grabbed my mouth and hugged me. When one of the men raped me, he stuck a knife in my side and put it there. They want me to stay still, I try to struggle, but I bleed more. They even threatened to shoot me. 」
Maungdaw Town Hathi Para Village, 15-Year-old Hala Sadak said the soldiers stripped her clothes and dragged her naked from home to a nearby tree, and she estimated that about 10 people raped her from behind. "They left me there," she said, "and when my brother and sister came to me, I lay on the ground, and they thought I was dead." "The observation found that almost all rapes were gang-raped, and among the six cases of mass rape, survivors said soldiers were concentrating Rohingyas women and girls, beating them up or raping them." (Recommended reading:"Sex watch" we could all be her!) 16-Year-old Argentine girl abducted and killed by rounds of violence
Skeweller , author of Human Rights Watch, said that "rape has always been the most significant and destructive act of the Burmese army in the ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya clan, and the brutal acts of violence perpetrated by the Burmese army have subjected countless women and girls to cruel injury and trauma." 」
In the Burmese retaliation, survivors said they were the most damaging part of the attack by witnessing soldiers killing their families. They describe the soldiers bumping their heads into trees, throwing children and elderly parents into burning houses and shooting at their husbands.
Pictures | source
Pictures | source
Rohingyas children living in fear of trafficking and sexual assault
In addition to the rape of women, children of Rohingyas refugees are also mired in the crisis of cruelty, child trafficking and sexual assault.
According to the Sbsnews , "interrupted childhood" (childhood interrupted), launched by Save the Children, the International Planning Organization and World Vision, examined the situation Rohingyas children face in refugee camps. The report estimated that, since August 2017, 688,000 of refugees had fled from Rakhine State in Myanmar, with the increase in violence in various regions, and most of them had ended up living in tents in Kauksbazar, Bangladesh.
Susanne Legena, acting chief executive of Plan International, explains how the charity team can help orphans who are unaccompanied. "We know that no matter where the crisis is, there are a lot of children involved, and these children are in danger of trafficking," Ms. Legena said. 」
The United Nations Children's Fund estimates that about 28 million children worldwide live in forced displacement in 2016. In addition, United Nations agencies say about 7 million children are internally displaced by natural disasters. Rohingyas refugee children, there are still no reliable and clear statistics on how many children have been dispersed with their parents or have been killed by their parents. Nevertheless, "we still have an urgent need to consider that these children face prolonged displacement and that the government and aid agencies must try to establish a protective mechanism that allows children to gather together and connect with their families or those who can care for them in a safe environment," Ms. Legena said. From being plundered or violated. 」
"The monsoon is coming soon, which will make the situation of Rohingyas refugees worse, and we need to ensure that children, especially a group of vulnerable girls, young women, are protected and that we use all of our power to get these children back to life on track," the report said. 」
The monsoon mentioned here, it is the monsoon rain that rains every summer, and heavy rains will attack the eastern part of Bangladesh in the coming months, and the summer of 2018, in addition to the Rohingyas of the past, is more likely to suffer from another wave of survival caused by climate and possibly extended diseases.
Pictures | source
The rainy season will lift another wave of disaster, Rohingyas refugees where to go?
As the monsoon season approaches, the Government of Bangladesh is developing an island in the mainland to transfer 100,000 refugees, and humanitarian agencies and aid groups are racing against the clock, hoping to save thousands of Rohingyas refugees from impending climate damage through some basic preventive construction.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has identified a "high risk of mudslides and floods" that could result in the death of 150,000 of people as heavy rains will attack the eastern part of Bangladesh in the next few months. The area is also susceptible to tropical cyclones, and the funnel shape of the Gulf of Bengal is more likely to magnify the damage caused by storms, causing catastrophic damage almost every year.
And with the advent of the monsoon season, tens of thousands of refugees are living in crowded Bangladeshi refugee camps, where cholera is likely to erupt. The monsoon season is expected to begin in the next few weeks, with disease, landslides, floods and deaths estimated.
The camp is one of the most flooded areas in the world. Cyclone Sid killed at least 300,000 people in 1970, and in 2007 the cyclone was killing 10,000 people. Despite their efforts, aid agencies worry that they will not be able to protect Rohingyas from a crisis that could cause disaster.
"What is the worst case?" "I don't know," said Didier Boissavi, a UN employee who oversees the camp's water and sanitation. Cholera and acute watery diarrhoea are endemic in Bangladesh, and the prevalence of these diseases will become worse during the rainy season. Although two cholera vaccination campaigns have been completed in refugee camps and in host communities, there is concern that outbreaks of disease are unavoidable due to poor sanitary conditions and deteriorating water quality, as well as intensive living conditions and predictable toilet flooding events.
Health posts, medical team leader Ibrahim Barrie in Kutupalong-balukhali camp, said the "high death toll will be the elderly," he said, "due to extreme heat, fragility and dehydration of diarrhoea." Most of them can only wait and die in the waiting. 」
May Gender Newsletter, from girls in India being slaughtered, New York's total staying power abuse scandal to the plight of the Rohingyas refugees, invite you to continue to pay attention to international humanitarian and gender issues, through the face of sexual assault and sexual violence, we can also consider whether through their own efforts to change the status of society.
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