"If there is a gender difference in the law, how can people be equal?" "Ruth Baide Kingsberg is the only Jewish female justice in the United States who has devoted her life to promoting women's feminism. Gender equality is not that women, in turn, oppress men, but that both sides are no longer trapped by the gender framework. The Queen of Law is based on real-life facts, take a look at the legend's story!
' I never ask for privileges because of my gender, I just want men to move their feet off our necks. "She is Ruth Bader Ginsburg, nominated by US President Bill Clinton in 1993 as the second female justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, and has devoted her life to promoting women's Ruth Baide Kingsberg.
Before the viewing, I thought the Queen of Law was a film that took full care of women; otherwise, the film also cared deeply about men and conveyed what true gender affirmative action was.
You're a girl, why come to law school? --"just to be a lawyer, or what? 」
The Queen of Law is based on real-life facts. In the play, Ruth is a handful of girls who enter Harvard Law School. She was excited, eager to raise her hand to speak in class, but the professor always gave priority to naming male students to answer questions; it was not enough for her, she singled out the fallacy of male classmate's speech, and when the male classmate tried to interrupt her, he said, "Please let me finish the conversation." 」
Photo | "Queen of the Law" movie Stills
In the 1950, it was a special case for women to become lawyers. At the dinner, the dean of the Faculty of Law asked why the women present had entered law school. ' Because my husband is also a law school student, I wish I could help him. I'm getting ready to be a good wife. Ruth's sarcastic and playful reply made the other women present laughing, and the Dean was even more stunned.
After Ruth graduated in first place, Ruth's female, mother and Jewish identity put her on the road to a job search. "Girls are too emotional as lawyers", "too good grades, may be very spicy", "when to give birth to a child?" "and" The wives of other lawyers will be jealous. "All sorts of reasons put Ruth out of the door.
Back to the second, Ruth decided to become a law professor, with a gender perspective, educating the next generation with a deep passion for the law: "If there is a gender difference in the law, how can people be equal?" "She looked at the young men, newborn calf and fearless, and their hearts were feverish, and they got up on their own initiative, marching or protesting. Ruth felt the freedom and prosperity of the next generation, but she knew that the legal system had to work harder to keep up with changes in ideas and ideas.
"This law is gender discrimination against men," he told. 」
Ruth was originally focused on teaching until her husband, Martin Kingsberg, told her about a tax case-Wiesen Filde, a widower who had not been married for life, raised his old mother alone, struggled to reconcile work and care work, and asked a nurse, but did not pay the relevant taxes. According to the law at the time, only women were exempt from tax when they asked a nurse, and field was therefore in a legal case.
"People who make this law don't think about having a" bachelor who chooses to be at home "! Ruth said it assumes that all family carers must be women. It's not fair to women, it's not fair to men.
Ruth decided to take up the case with her husband. She began to visit the people involved, and spent a lot of effort sorting out hundreds of basis of the laws of the sex. Ruth, who is a professor at the school, is knowledgeable in law but has no practical experience in court, allowing her to be considered "screwed up" and has little chance of being debated with a judge during the simulation. Despite his constant frustration, she never gave up.
"My husband is the only man who doesn't think of me as a vase wife. 」
"You don't believe it because it's unprecedented." "In the face of many objections and questions, husband Martin still believes in Ruth as her strongest backer.
We have to talk about this important role in Ruth's life: Martin Kingsberg, the husband Ruth walked through 56 years of marriage together and the soul mate who knows her best. When the two married, when he attended the second year of Law school, Ruth was a first-year student in the same department.
Photo | "Queen of the Law" movie Stills
Martin was suffer cancer shortly after the birth of his daughter, and was not even able to take care of himself when he was seriously ill. To my surprise, Ruth did not choose to suspend her studies to assist her husband, but to continue to be diligent and tireless-in addition to taking care of his schoolwork, but also for Martin to listen to lessons, take notes, while caring for the daughter who is still the baby.
Daughter Jane as an adult, and Ruth have a lot of opposition, mother and daughter are always against each other. Martin often plays a coordinating role in the quarrel, rather than watching on the sidelines, presenting the gentle and intimate side of men. In the film, you can see Martin feeding the children to dinner from time to time, holding the spatula to cook. "Men are also suffering from gender stereotypes," he once told Ruth. "It's a joke, it's a reality," he said.
Even if a man is willing to do housework, he will still be under external pressure, and even be criticized for eating soft food and not being able to support his family. For men, this is a form of gender oppression.
In the book Gender knotting: Demolition of patriarchal violations, it is mentioned that gender oppression comes from the patriarchal system, which refers to male domination and male centres. (Recommended reading: male emancipation of the sex selection: masculinity, castration of the boy's inner softness )
Patriarchal system, emphasizing the importance of "masculine traits". When men are engaged in domestic work, they are easily regarded as not sufficiently masculine. As a result, women who are seen as "born" with negative traits, as well as men who move closer to negative traits, can suffer from gender oppression.
Gender affirmative action: not living for the framework
In a court plea, Ruth said that 100 years ago, the law school had no ladies ' room; as a woman, he could not have stood before a judge. No legal permission is required and "change" is already happening, but the law protects the right to change.
"The whole constitution doesn't mention" women. " "There is no mention of" freedom, "your honor. "said Ruth, with a heavy weight.
The law, like this country, needs to be constantly perfected. If gender equality is achieved, Martin can be free to become a domestic worker; Ruth can also be all-powerful in the workplace, not rejected by law firms for strange reasons, and has equal rights with all men.
True gender affirmative action is not that women are in the same way, and in turn oppress men, but regardless of gender, they do not have to be bound by established gender frameworks.
Ruth and her daughter, Jean Kingsberg, were molested by men on the side of the road as they walked down the road. Ruth asked Jane to ignore them, but Jane fought back verbally, and the men shut up at once.
"Mom, you can't let a guy talk to you." "said Jane, without fear.
Ruth was stunned-her daughter looked free and firm, and women couldn't do it 100 years ago. Isn't that the point of the progress of the times?