The G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, concluded on June 29. In a series of photographs, we also see that female leaders are still in the minority. When the media is still watching the first lady's hospitality trip, when Ivanka Trump is seen staring at, is gender really equal?
The G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, concluded on June 29. The meeting focused on climate issues, free trade, and the most high-profile "Chuan Xi) session ended yesterday. The consensus is partly to achieve free trade and the goal of no marine plastic waste by 2050, the Union reported.
In addition to the United States, countries have reaffirmed the irreversibility of the Paris climate agreement, an international agreement in 2015 to replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which aims to slow the pace of global warming.
Last week, when temperatures in France hit 40 degrees Celsius, it seemed even more important.
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In addition to the above consensus, the G20's other focus is this year's gender distribution of leaders. Many media reports say that women leaders are dressed, have health and, of course, the spouses of male leaders. This year, only three women were in the G20, British Prime Minister Theresa May, who announced her resignation, Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, and Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund. Lagarde).
Mrs May, who announced her resignation at the end of May, will formally leave office as soon as July when Britain elects a successor as prime minister. Before stepping down, she pushed for a clean zero carbon emissions in the UK by 2050, hoping to make the UK the world's first net zero carbon country. At the G20, she also alluded to Trump's reluctance to support the Paris climate accord.
Writing in the Guardian, she said: "I am delighted that the UK will be the first country in the world to lead carbon emissions and call on other countries to raise their ambitions for environmental protection in order to achieve their goals." She was referring to the United States, which has been slow to agree to a paris agreement.
Female leaders have always been the international minority. According to CNN, 2018 is even the least female G20 summit in history. The reason was that Meikle's flight was late, leaving megyn at the G20 opening ceremony with only one woman. When we held a women's empowerment forum at the G20, we discussed how to effectively support women's self-training, improve their economy and their education, but with the participation of only two female national leaders.
This has also led to the question: can women's participation reflect a gender-neutral position in a meeting?
Ivanka Trump: Women are one of the most underrated forces in the world
Speakers at this year's G20 Women's Empowerment Forum also included Ivanka Trump, the daughter of U.S. President Donald Trump. Many media focused only on which brand her outfit came from, and how many men her figure made her look at her.
However,Business Insider reports that while her personal philosophy appears to run counter to the Trump administration's gender policy, her conversation refers to "women as one of the most underrated forces in the world." ed l'oed resources in the world. (Same-on-the-show: Is the Best Way to Avoid Sexual Harassment by excluding women from the Pence Code of Strategies andStrategies?) ) )
"Women's empowerment is not just a social justice issue, it's also an economic and defense policy. At the conference, she also pointed out that women's participation in the labour force, if equal to men's remuneration, would increase the country's economic output.
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Women's empowerment is outside the economic level, and social justice, of course, should be emphasized. Her remarks were more ironic in contrast to the policies that have been gender-neutral since the Trump administration took office. In addition to "no abortion unless there is an exception" and "prohibition of transgender people from the military", he has also been controversial for his repeated remarks of unkindness toward women. (Related: Who announces transgenderde-disease as Trump administration moves to repeal health care for transgender people? ) )
Back why women's representation in politics is always overrated, but women's power is always underestimated?
Let's look back at women in politics from the G20. Ivanka's words, in fact, are partly true, and she points out the common myths about female leaders. Women are indeed one of the most underrated forces in the world, while at the same time, the symbolism of the few who make it to the ranks of power is often over-amplified.
The country has a female leader, not to be the universal woman who has broken through those hidden ceilings. In order to see the breakthrough of "individual", in addition to being able to imagine more people, we still need to observe the "overall" reactions of those in power, the mass media and society. (Extended reading:Mrs. V's essay, a few women's success, does not mean that most women can speak out)
Many times, people say that electing a first female president, a female prime minister, a female prime minister, or you have a feminist daughter that "represents gender equality", but that is not the case. For example, in the 2018 Global Gender Gap Report, South Korea, which once elected a female president, had a lower gender pay gap than the global average.
Feminist Position theory argues that social knowledge is often dominated by dominant class/gender. And the more marginalized people enter the power system with special life experience, the more they can open multiple dialogues and make a difference.
It is worth noting, however, that these women's identity and growing experience can, on the one hand, be a tool to help her better relate to vulnerable situations. Of course, on the other hand, it can also be the discourse strategy they use to counter the people. For example, hong Kong Chief Executive Lin Cheng-yue was criticized for her resort to "motherhood" in the crackdown on anti-transmission in Hong Kong. (Same-on-the-spot: Hong Kong Chief Executive Lin Cheng Yue-kwan's "Ungodled Mother": How this sentence completely misunderstands "mother")
Vivian Wu has written that as women's leaders grow and more women take the voice of voice, women's "silence" is increasingly seen as a personal phenomenon rather than a structural problem. The success of a small number of women is seen as a testimony of "the problem no longer exists" (e.g., we elected a female president, showing that gender is already equal), while the plight of the rest of women is seen as an obstacle that individuals should overcome through their own will and efforts. S3
Mary Beard, a professor at the University of Cambridge and a historian, also mentions in her book" "Women's Confessions: The Most Dangerous Forces and the History of Silence", that women have long been in the position of being "silenced" in history.
When a small number of women are initially liberated from this kind of silence, it often leads to the overestimation of the representation of a small number of women, but also seriously underestimate the voice of most women.
At the end of the G20, from a high perspective, the media coverage framework for female participants, multi-gender imagination and participation is still relatively limited. What we want is not to question whether female leaders are sufficiently "fit to" express their views, but rather that as more and more women and multiple genders come out, their voices, whether in politics, in the film, in sports, in the scientific community, these diverse gender representatives can be accepted truthfully.