When women have equal political influence, they represent not only the advancement of women's rights, but also the right of women to leave their homes on behalf of women, and have a voice in the public sphere.
What kind of pictures will appear in your mind when you think of Iceland?In 2008, the financial tsunami was bankrupty.In the last year of the snow?Or the and natural landscape that appears in the Adventure of the White-Dream King You may not know that Iceland, a country smaller than the Bay of Taiwan, has a population of 320,000, the first direct elected female president in the world, and the first the , and woman prime minister who is married to her partner. The female involvement in politics is higher than in other countries.
Iceland is a young country, and the last uninhabited island other than New Zealand was the nineteenth-century old island.At the time of the 10th century, Iceland established the first parliament in the world and enacted the first Icelandic law.Iceland had roughly 300 years of independence and was then ruled by Norway and Denmark until the independence of Europe in 1944, and the Republic of Iceland was established.Despite being under the control of other countries, Iceland still has some autonomy, which has laid a solid foundation for democracy for over a thousand years.
Iceland, the world of women
When women have equal political influence, they represent not only the advancement of women's rights, but also the rights of women to leave their homes and have a voice in the public sphere.
In 1908, Icelandic women had the right to vote, and voting was the first step towards women's political participation and the beginning of participation in public affairs.Not like most countries, women in Iceland have a certain number of seats in the parliament, and half of the members of the cabinet are women. Their influence sometimes goes beyond men. Some say, "Iceland is a woman's world.""
In 2013, the World Economic Forum (WEF) published a list of global gender gaps, and Iceland was the smallest country in the world for the fifth consecutive year, meaning that women had almost the same status as men in terms of education, health and so on.The efforts made by Iceland in the area of gender equality have reduced the gender gap and have also increased the rights of women, creating a gender-friendly space.(Take a look at other countries: How far away from the workforce in women, how far away from Japan's gender equality )
The increase in women's active participation in society also makes them more willing to participate in national political and economic affairs."
Next, let's look at the great Icelandic women politicians.
First Elected Head of State-Vigdien Finnbogadotr
friendly political environment also allowed Iceland to create the world's first elected female head of state, Vigd í s Finnbogadotr ó in 1980, not only to open a new chapter in history, but also to encourage more women to participate in politics.In his youth, Vigdith continued to participate in peace campaigns against the expansion of the army, and each year participated in demonstrations against the establishment of a military base.Perhaps it seems a bit untenable. However, her insistence, active involvement, and opposition to all kinds of arms race, hope that the money saved by the arms will be used to support the people, maintain Icelanish-cultural and women's rights, and let her win in the presidential election!
Wigdess has been re-elected for three consecutive terms, and her elegance, charming, and intellectual image has been deeply embedded in the hearts of the Icelandic people, even though she is now over 80 years old, and she is still working tirelessly to work on human rights.As a civilian and a soft body, Vigdith is like a mother who uses her hands, tenderly protecting and embracing the Icelandic people, and for the Icelandic people, it is not surprising that they have a female head of state.
In Iceland, heroes and heroes are not high on the top, he may be your neighbor, friend, and always be close to you.(That ’ s the thing about Iceland, icons and heroes are usually your neighbors, sometimes your friends and almost always a relative.)
Johanna Sigurzadotti, Prime Minister of the Cabinet
addition to being the former prime minister of Iceland, Johanna Sigurzard (J ó hanna Sigurzard ó ttir) is the first female leader to openly come out and marry a gay partner.Before serving as prime minister, Johanna was very much trusted by the public to make a significant contribution to the rights of people with disabilities, the elderly, and disadvantaged groups.In 2008, the country experienced a crisis of bankruptcy, and Johanna was appointed to succeed his former prime minister.At the time of the collapse of the country, Johanna took a more positive approach to the economic crisis, perhaps with many questions, but in the face of such a catastrophe, she continued to lead her way out of the crisis.Her appearance also allowed women to have more leadership positions after the crisis, injecting more women's value into the economy of men.
After the divorce, the current wife is in love with the current wife for eight years.The legalization of same-sex marriage has always been another focus of political activity in the country from a regular partner (in 1996, Iceland allows gay couples to enter into a civil partnership) to formal marriage.Not only did she make public his own sexuality, she also often brought his wife to the light of the current exposure. She bravely faced the prejudices of those who faced the same sex lover, hoping to inject new force into the open and equal access to gender equality.Finally, in 2010, the Icelandic Parliament passed the same-sex marriage bill, enabling everyone to be protected by law.I don't know how much courage it will take to take over at the country's worst collapse, and to legalize same-sex marriage at the same time, and I can see people who have seen the courage in the world of Johanna. (Sibling: Gay rights triumph!France is behind the scenes of same-sex marriage and the adoption of the adoption )
Rethinking the Taiwan, Women, Snotions
In retrospect, the 1949 Constitution gives women the right to vote and, in various elections, begins to provide women with a quota of elected seats.In the process of democratization, from lifting martial law to political parties and the rise of society, women in Taiwan have gradually gained the support of the government and political parties. In 2000, the ratio of women in Taiwan to the number of women in Taiwan was one third of that of the National Assembly. One third of this relied on the efforts of all parties, and the women politicians in Taiwan were still perseverating.
Why is it important for women to participate in politics?This is not only because it is a direct representation of gender equality.Even in the East or the West, women tend to be more engaged than men, as Park said: "The country is her love."Outside of power they have invested more in life and passion.
Many people say that Iceland is a feminist country, not just as it is, through long-term education, as well as the support of society as a whole for gender equality, so that women's protection can be improved in terms of politics, education, or employment.There are solid women's movements, and women are able to develop well in all aspects.
In a country where the island is smaller, less natural, and even worse than our climate conditions, the change in Iceland tells us that the country's development and progress are not just gender equality, but women's participation, because the voices of women can be heard so that men and women can exert influence and change.